Garnet is the birthstone for those that are born on the month of January. The word Garnet derives from the 14th century where “gernet” meant a deep red color. In addition, it is derived from the Latin word granatum, which means seed in this instance the seed of a pomegranate.

Garnet is typically a deep red gem that goes with just about any type of jewellery. It is actually a group of minerals as opposed to most on this list that are a specific mineral, hence the variations seen in the table below. Garnet can be found in metamorphic, igneous, or sedimentary rocks and can be of various grades. Garnets of low grade are typically used in abrasive water jets that work to remove coatings or rust.